Program: Digital Health Trials

About This Program


Novel Endpoints

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Developing Novel Endpoints Generated by Digital Technologies for Use in Clinical Trials


Digital technologies hold great promise for improving clinical research, but uncertainty about how to use the data captured by these devices and applications has slowed progress. CTTI’s Novel Endpoints recommendations and resources address these barriers and clarify the best pathways for identifying, selecting, and developing novel endpoints derived from digital technologies. Additionally, four detailed use cases demonstrate how digital technologies can be used to collect novel endpoints in FDA-regulated clinical trials.

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Discover Additional Deliverables Generated From This Project

Digital Biomarkers

Use of Mobile Devices to Measure Outcomes in Clinical Research, 2010–2016: A Systematic Literature Review, published in Digital Biomarkers


Official Unveiling of Recommendations on Developing Novel Endpoints Generated by Mobile Technology for Use in Clinical Trials

PowerPoint Slide of Positive Impacts

Download the .pptx slide of “Positive Impacts of Developing Novel Endpoints for Use in Clinical Trials” to use in your presentations. (Note: The Positive Impacts are also included in the first page of the Recommendations above.)


Developing Novel Endpoints, Generated using Mobile Technology, for use in Clinical Trials: A Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative (CTTI) Project (Presented at SCT 2017 on May 8)

Expert Meeting Materials

Click to view materials, including presentations & summary, for the CTTI-hosted expert meeting, Developing Novel Endpoints Generated by Mobile Technology for Use in Clinical Trials

“By engaging with experts who have been early champions of mobile technology in trials and combining that with patient insights, CTTI has created practical recommendations and action-oriented tools that have the potential to really accelerate the use of mobile technology in clinical trials. In particular, the use cases provide a realistic pathway for incorporating novel endpoints through technology into clinical development programs. CTTI’s recommendations show we may be closer than previously believed to realizing the benefits of these novel endpoints, creating a sense of urgency to act.”

Craig Lipset Pfizer’s head of clinical innovation

“As we embark on a two-phase effort to develop a digital battery for use in Huntington Disease trials, we plan to use CTTI’s MCT Novel Endpoints recommendations to guide our work. In doing so, we feel strongly that we can reach our goal more quickly and more efficiently—ultimately, and most importantly, benefiting patients.”

Valentina Dilda, PhD Director, Experimental Medicine, CHDI Foundation

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Despite the evolution of mobile technology capable of monitoring and measuring data, it remains uncommon for such novel clinical endpoints to be used in clinical trials, especially those trials that are performed to support regulatory approval for a new therapy or indication. All stakeholders—patients and patient groups, investigators, research sponsors, regulators, and technology developers—would benefit from clarification regarding the processes for developing these novel endpoints in order to realize the benefits of incorporating mobile technology into clinical trials.

Developing Novel Endpoints Generated by Mobile Technology for Use in Clinical Trials (2015–2017), one of four projects within CTTI’s MCT Program.

Describe best practices for identifying, selecting, and developing novel endpoints, generated using mobile technology, for use in regulatory clinical trials.

The results from the MCT Novel Endpoints Project will inform the development of novel endpoints generated from mobile technologies for use in FDA-regulated clinical trials.

CTTI hosted a multi-stakeholder expert meeting to develop four use cases describing the steps involved in developing a novel endpoint from data generated by a mobile device. This process helped CTTI to outline requirements at each step in the process, identify challenges that may occur, and propose solutions to those challenges. The use cases informed the development of more general recommendations and tools that clarify the pathway for developing technology-derived novel endpoints. The MCT Novel Endpoints Project Team has also conducted a systematic review of published clinical studies using novel endpoints in order to learn from existing approaches. This article will be posted here following publication.

CTTI convened a multi-stakeholder expert meeting to draft use cases, each developing a particular novel endpoint. Meeting attendees explored the use of accelerometers to measure treatment benefit in clinical trials of heart failure, Parkinson’s disease, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and the use of continuous glucose monitors to measure treatment benefit in clinical trials of diabetes. In addition to the four use cases, a meeting summary is available that highlights themes from these discussions.

A set of recommendations were distilled from the meeting findings and related discussions. The recommendations, which are expected to have short-, medium-, and long-term benefits when applied in clinical trials, are grouped into two main sections. The first, which focuses on optimizing the selection of novel endpoints, identifies the following key recommendations:

  1. Patient’s voices must drive the identification of novel endpoints;
  2. Select the mobile technology after selecting an outcome assessment; and
  3. Use a systematic approach to identify key novel endpoints.

The second section provides recommendations on practical approaches to developing novel endpoints, including:

  1. Foster collaboration among key stakeholders;
  2. Create technical standards for assessments derived from mobile technology;
  3. Engage with regulators; and
  4. Include novel endpoints as exploratory endpoints in existing clinical trials and observational studies.

These major recommendations are presented in detail, along with complementary materials that include an interactive tool for choosing among possible novel endpoints for development, a quick reference for interacting with regulatory authorities during the process of novel endpoint development, a summary of required steps in novel endpoint development, a plain-language process summary, and detailed, disease area-specific use cases.

The team has also conducted a systematic review of published clinical studies that have employed novel endpoints. The resulting paper will be posted here following publication.

Project Team Members

Role Namesort descending Affiliation
Team Member Ashish Narayan Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
Social Science Lead Brian Perry Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative
Team Leader Cheryl Grandinetti Food and Drug Administration
Team Member Elektra Papodopoulos Food and Drug Administration
Project Manager Jen Goldsack* Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative
Executive Committee Champion John Alexander Duke University
Team Leader Kaveeta Vasisht Food and Drug Administration
Team Member Ken Skodacek Food and Drug Administration
Team Member Komathi Stem monARC Bionetworks
Team Leader Lauren Bataille The Michael J Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research
Project Manager Lindsay Kehoe Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative
Team Member Marc Walton Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development
Team Leader Martin Landray University of Oxford, CTSU
Team Member Nirav Sheth MC10
Team Leader Rob DiCicco GlaxoSmithKline
Team Member Theresa Strong Foundation for Prader-Willi Research
Team Leader Will Herrington University of Oxford, CTSU